Born in the Palakkad district of Kerala, on 15th
November 1915 as the son of the reputed advocate VV Ramaiyer.
He studied and graduated in Arts from Annamalai University
in Tamil Nadu, studied at Madras Law College for a Bachelor
of Law. In 1938, he enrolled as an advocate and was appointed
to Ernakulam High Court.
1952- Member of Madras Legislative Assembly.
1957- Elected to Kerala Assembly from Thalassery.
He was appointed as a minister in the state government of
Kerala following the victory of the Communist Party of India
under E. M. S. Namboodiripad in the 1957 elections. He was
assigned the departments of Home, Law, Jail, Electricity,
Irrigation, and Social Welfare.
Elected to Kerala Assembly for the second time.
Appointed as judge in Kerala High Court.
Member of Law Commission.
In 1973-Judge in Supreme Court from July 17 to Nov
R. Krishna Iyer became a judge of the Supreme
Court of India in 1973. During this
time, the Supreme Court interpreted Article 21
of the Constitution of India in the sense that the national
government was obliged to provide free legal services to accused
people in custody.He retired from the Supreme Court in November
1987 - Contested in the Presidential election against
Sovietland Nehru Award (1968)
Sree Jehangir Gandhi Medal (1982)
Rev. MA Thomas National Human Rights Award (1998)
Rotary Manavasena Award
Padma Vibhooshan (1999)
- A fellow of the Indian Society of Criminology
- A patron of many Sangeeta Sabhas
- Chairman of R Sankaranarayanan Thampi Foundation Council
LANDMARKS AS A JUDGE
prison laws got reformed under the initiative of Krishna Iyer.
He supported for the rehabilitation of the prisoners and suggested
free legal help for the accused in custody.
The verdict of the Ratlam Municipality case highlights the
legal responsibility of the local body institutions in health
care and sanitation.
to the service rules of Indian Foreign Service, the women
employees had to produce prior approval certificate from the
government before marriage. Krishna Iyer made it obvious that
it is discrimination against women and against the freedom
He was involved in the verdict of a critical case in the Indian
political history. He stayed the High Court order with certain
conditions, which prevented Indira Gandhi from contesting
the elections for six years.
AS AN ORATOR:
He delivered the following lectures-
Memorable lectures under the auspices of Jawaharlal Nehru
University, Delhi and Madras University
Krishna Swamy Iyer Memorable lecture, Hyderabad
in the Andhra University Waltair (Andra Pradesh State, India)
Mahajan Memorial Lecture in the Punjab University and another
Sanchar Memorial Lecture in Delhi.
Justice Iyer has delivered many prestigious lectures including
the Tagore Law Lectures on Human Rights (Calcutta University).
He has traveled to many countries like Sri. Lanka, Honk Kong,
Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, USA, UK, Canberra, Geneva, Stockholm
and Brussels. His addresses in Dhaka and Karachi at the SAARC
Law Conference are memorable. He delivered an important lecture
on Victimology in Adelaide in Australia and he is an activist
Krishna Iyer lives at Kochi. He has two sons Ramesh and Paramesh.The
untimely death of his wife Sarada Krishna Iyer was a setback
in his life.
Iyer has written a book named 'Satgamaya', which is dedicated
to his wife. It depicts the pain of separation after her death.
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