Kerala at a Glance
Area : 38,863
sq.km / 15,005 sq. miles
Population : 318.38 lakhs(2001Census) (3.34 % of total population
Land Mass : 1.18 % area of total land.
Capital : Trivandrum
Language : Malayalam
Literacy : 100% (app)
Climate : Tropical
Clothing : Light cottons
Geographical Position : The land lies between 80 18' North Latitude
and between 740 52' and 770 24' East Longitude.
Border : East: Western Ghat Mountains, west:: Arabian Sea, South:
Tamil Nadu and North: Karnataka
Rivers : : 44
Longest River - Bharathapuzha (251.1 Km)
Highest Mountain - Anamudi (2652.3 Metres)
Climate - Summer - 35 to 22.5 degrees C Winter - 32 to 20 degrees.
History : Kerala had become a Linguistically distinct
region in 14th century
First Recorded Kingdom: Empire Chera Ruled Kerala from Vanchi.
Between 8th and 14th century -Malayalam is developed as a language
under Chera Empire-II.
Kerala was first mentioned in the Sanskrit epic Aitareya Aranyaka.
Early Trading centres: Evidence shown Arabs from
8th century, Portuguese in 1498, The dutch and Britishers from 16th
and 17th centuries establish trade centres with Kerala. Cranganore,
Quilon, Alleppey, Cannanore and Cochin are major ports used for
||: GMT +5.30
||: Indian Rupee
|| :1058 women for 1000 men
|Infant Mortality Rate
|Total No.of Schools
|Higher Education Universities
|Arts & Science colleges
||MLA's : 141
MP's : ( Loksabha : 20, Rajyasabha : 9)
Special Features :
First literate state of India
First state to implement land reform bills and
education reform bills
Lower birth rate
Least infant mortality
State with maximum life expectancy
The only state with the facilities of hospitals
in every village
Excellent communication infrastructure.
One among the states where Air, Water and Road
are used as the media for transportation.
The mythological story about Kerala was a land rose from the sea where the axe- landed thrown in penance
for waging the terrible war by Parasuram, the 6th incarnation of
Lord Vishnu, who massacre the evil kings 21 times over to repeal
their force from earth.
| In written records, Kerala was first mentioned in the
Sanskrit epic Aitareya Aranyaka The 10th century BC ,speakers of the north-western
India belong to Tamil language, shown the evidence that ancient Kerala and Tamil Nadu was part of Tamilakam and also onces shared a common language,
tradition and culture. By the early 14th century, Kerala had become a
linguistically independent region. |
The first ever ruler of Kerala recorded was the king Chera, ruled from Vanchi. A Keralite got identity
when they distinct from the Tamils and associated with the second
Chera empire and the development of Malayalam as their language
during 14th century.
The Chera kings' dependence on trade meant that merchants
from West Asia established coastal posts and settlements in Kerala
fresh wave of trading history started with the Europeans: Conflicts between
the cities of Kozhikode
(Calicut) and Kochi
(Cochin) allowed the Dutch to oust the Portuguese. Meanwhile, Mysore's
Hyder Ali conquered northern Kerala
, capturing Kozhikode
in 1766. In the late 18th century, Tipu Sultan-Ali's son and successor-launched
campaigns against the expanding British East India Company but altmately
he surrended to British in 1790s. From then the British traders had become
the strongest power in India by that time. In all this period of prosperity
and strife, the region's identity existed as the Malabar Coast and Cochin
Travancore. It was in 1949 that the three territories were integrated
and in 1956 that it gained recognition as an independent state, Kerala
also known as celestial land [God's own country] for its natural
beauty and from centuries also known as planter plantations lies on the
coast of southwestern India. Kerala
has an area of 38,862 Km and divided
into 14 major districts, which have got its unique culture and traditions.
has developed as one of the major tourism destination in recent
|Kerala is located on the southwestern tip of India with
the Arabian Sea on the west and Western Ghats towering 500-2700m on the
east. The State is divided into three regions - the coastal lowlands,
the fertile midlands and the highlands. The lowland of Kerala is a costal
belt relatively flat and are networked by endless backwaters and the deltas
of forty-four rivers. The midland is made up of undulating hills and valleys.
This area is rich with cashew, coconut, arecanut, tapioca, banana, rice,
ginger, pepper, sugarcane and vegetable plantations. The forested high
lands slope down from western ghats which rise to an avarage height of
900 meter with a number of peaks over 1500 meter in height. This is an
area abound in tea, coffee, rubber and spice plantations and wildlife
| Geographically Kerala has divided into three major tourist
regions such as 1] Northern region 2] central region 3] southern region.
Malabar (northern Kerala), Kochi (central Kerala), and Travancore (southern
The north region known as Malabar consist of : (Kasargod,
" The centre region known as Kochi consist of : (Thrissur,
" The Southern region Travancore: consist of (Idukki,
Kerala, which lies in the tropics, is mostly subject to the type of humid
tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests. Meanwhile,
its extreme eastern fringes experience a drier tropical wet and dry climate.
Kerala receives an average annual rainfall of 3107 mm - some 7,030 crore
m3 of water. This compares to the all-India average is 1,197 mm. Parts
of Kerala's lowlands may average only 1250 mm annually while the cool
mountainous eastern highlands of Idukki district - comprising Kerala's wettest region - receive in excess of 5,000 mm of orographic precipitation
(4,200 crore of which are available for human use) annually. Kerala's rains are mostly the result of seasonal monsoons. As a result, Kerala averages some 120-140 rainy days per year. In summers, most of Kerala is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, and torrential downpours accompanying
dangerous cyclones coming in off the Indian Ocean. Kerala's average maximum
daily temperature is around 36.7 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C.